Question fort pertinente dans le contexte actuel, posée par Simon Wong dans son texte Why Stewardship is Proving Elusive for Institutional Investors
As the dominant owners of listed companies in many developed markets, institutional investors have been under increasing pressure to act as responsible shareholders. In the UK, Canada, France, the Netherlands, and other markets, stewardship codes have been developed or are under consideration to encourage pension funds, insurance companies, and their asset managers to monitor and engage investee companies actively with the view to protect and enhance shareholder value.
However, attempts in recent decades to convince institutional investors to act as active, long-term oriented “stewards” have fallen short. This is because modern investment management practices and characteristics – such as financial arrangements that promote trading, excessive portfolio diversification, lengthening share ownership chain, misguided interpretation of fiduciary duty, and flawed business model and governance approach of passive funds – make genuine stewardship challenging for institutional investors.
Although these deficiencies are extremely serious, they may be remedied through a combination of actions, including by eliminating unnecessary intermediation, developing in-house investment management capabilities, revamping performance metrics, and rationalizing portfolio holdings.
While not all investors need to be stewards and stewardship obligations should be allowed to be discharged in different ways, tackling the underlying structural impediments will make it easier – and more natural – for asset owners and asset managers to adopt an active, long-term oriented mindset.
À nouveau, le propos de cet article illustre le paradoxe mis en lumière par Arrow quant au tandem autorité - responsabilisation. Il ne suffit pas de donner le pouvoir de responsabiliser à une partie: encore faut-il que celle-ci soit en mesure d'exercer ce pouvoir dans l'intérêt de l'organisation. Autrement, la responsabilisation ne fait que déplacer le problème.